Two major prerequisites must exist before any manager can devise or maintain a system of control. These prerequisites are:
3.2.1 Control Requires Plans
It is obvious that before a control technique can be used or a system devised, control must be based on plans, and that the clearer, more complete, and more integrated plans are, the more effective controls can be. It is simple as this:
This simple truth means several things in practice:
First: All meaningful control techniques are, in the first instance, planning techniques.
Second: It is fruitless to try to design control without first taking into account plans and how well they are made.
The relationship between planning and control can be shown in Figure 3.1.